This hearing examines the modernization of China’s nuclear capabilities, potential shifts in Chinese nuclear doctrine, scenarios in which China could escalate to nuclear use, and proliferation concerns. The first panel examines China's nuclear weapons stockpile and delivery systems; the nuclear forces' command, control, and communications; and Beijing's use of military-civil fusion to support the nuclear forces. The second panel explores why China seeks to modernize its nuclear forces, changes in Chinese nuclear doctrine, and the possibility of escalation to nuclear use in selected regional contingencies. The final panel assesses the implications of China's growing nuclear capabilities for the United States, the region, and the global nonproliferation regime.
The hearing examines China's political, economic, and security engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean. The opening panel examines China's overall approach to engagement with Latin American and Caribbean countries, identifies Beijing's main objectives and strategies, and considers their implications for countries in the region as well as the United States. The second panel assesses Chinese economic engagement and competition with the United States in Latin America and the Caribbean, explores Chinese infrastructure investment, development aid, and financing to the region, and discusses China's COVID-19 diplomacy. The third panel analyzes the elements and geopolitical consequences of China's growing security presence and influence in Latin America and the Caribbean, including the PLA's activities, China's involvement in countries' internal security affairs, and China's access to space facilities and other dual-use infrastructure. The fourth panel examines regional case studies to illustrate China's activities and their implications for the United States.
The hearing examines the Chinese Communist Party's economic ambitions, shifts in decision making, and prospects for success. The first panel discusses the current political and economic conditions and policy decisions in China, with an assessment of the risks and metrics shaping the CCP's policy decisions. The second panel examines the tools, trends, and techniques observed in China's economic development heading into the 14th Five Year Plan (2021-2025) and beyond. The third panel examines certain emerging technologies and sectors that the CCP has identified as key enablers for growth and where the CCP has focused efforts on expanding global market position, as well as the implications for U.S. businesses and workers. The fourth panel examines China's rapid expansion of the financial technology sector, mobile payment platforms, and big data collection, and the country's efforts to develop first-mover status on a sovereign digital currency.
The hearing examines the Chinese government's use of capital markets to advance its technology and defense capabilities and evaluate the risks of U.S. investors' capital being leveraged for such ends. The first panel examines the evolving role of the state in China's capital markets, including the Chinese Communist Party's involvement in corporate governance. The second panel reviews China's financial opening and U.S. and foreign investor participation in China's capital markets. The third panel assesses U.S. national security risks posed by investment in Chinese companies. The fourth panel evaluates U.S. legal authority and current restrictions on outbound investment to China's capital markets.
The hearing evaluates the state of deterrence across the Taiwan Strait and its implications for U.S. interests. The first panel assesses the cross-Strait military balance. The second panel examines the political considerations informing Beijing’s willingness to use force against Taiwan and those informing Taipei’s response. The third panel reviews U.S. policy relevant to Taiwan’s defense, including the United States’ ability to intervene in a military conflict in the Taiwan Strait.
The hearing evaluates the state of the U.S.-China relationship, the Chinese Communist Party's goals in the year of its centennial, and the implications for the United States. The first panel offers a net assessment of the current state of U.S.-China political, economic, and security relations heading into 2021. The second panel examines key takeaways from the Fifth Plenum and other recent high-level CCP conferences and statements. The third panel considers the implications for the United Sates of the trend lines in China's politics, economy, security policy, and foreign affairs.
The hearing evaluates key developments in China's economy, military capabilities, and foreign relations, during 2020. Panelists address the Chinese Communist Party's perceptions of its strategic environment and domestic legitimacy, as well as recent changes in its approach to foreign policy; assesses China's current strengths and weaknesses in its foreign policy, military capabilities, and economy; reviews the economic and security implications for the United States of China's approach to Taiwan and the South China Sea, and; examines the implications for the United States of China's relationships with India and Iran.
The hearing examines China’s views of and approach to strategic competition with the United States. Panelists first assess U.S.-China strategic competition over the last 20 years in the economic, military, and ideological domains. The hearing then assesses how China views this competition playing out in the United Nations and key regions of the world. Finally, it examines how the U.S.-China strategic competition might evolve in the future, including the prospects for a kinetic conflict.
This hearing examines China’s growing influence in Africa and assesses the implications of this influence for the United States. Panelists analyze the strategic goals of China’s Africa policy and Africa’s significance to Beijing’s broader political and foreign policy interests. The hearing then assesses China’s economic activity in Africa, including its desire for commodities and resources, investment in critical infrastructure and sectors, and role in Africa’s growing digital economy. Finally, it examines China’s growing security presence on the continent, including the evolution of Sino-African military-to-military relations, Chinese participation in UN peacekeeping operations, and China’s efforts to establish a permanent military presence on the continent to support its geopolitical and economic goals.
This hearing examines China’s efforts to improve its national healthcare system and the implications for the United States. It will look at China’s recent efforts to meet the basic healthcare needs of its citizens, who in many cases remain severely underserved by China’s healthcare system. It will discuss how China seeks to use digital healthcare to both address basic systemic deficiencies and develop cutting-edge solutions to emerging healthcare problems. The hearing will also address the role that access to healthcare data—including U.S. healthcare data—plays in China’s development plans, and the extent to which U.S. firms and researchers enjoy reciprocal access to China’s healthcare data.