The hearing evaluates key developments in China's economy, military capabilities, and foreign relations, during 2020. Panelists address the Chinese Communist Party's perceptions of its strategic environment and domestic legitimacy, as well as recent changes in its approach to foreign policy; assesses China's current strengths and weaknesses in its foreign policy, military capabilities, and economy; reviews the economic and security implications for the United States of China's approach to Taiwan and the South China Sea, and; examines the implications for the United States of China's relationships with India and Iran.
The hearing examines China’s views of and approach to strategic competition with the United States. Panelists first assess U.S.-China strategic competition over the last 20 years in the economic, military, and ideological domains. The hearing then assesses how China views this competition playing out in the United Nations and key regions of the world. Finally, it examines how the U.S.-China strategic competition might evolve in the future, including the prospects for a kinetic conflict.